Specialties and Treatments Available

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More than 300 different procedures may be performed on the Mobile Surgical Unit by surgeons from a wide range of specialties. Here are just a few examples of specialties and procedures available on the Bus:


General Surgery:  General surgery is a specialty that focuses on abdominal organs, diseases involving the skin, breast, soft tissue, and hernias. Common treatments on the surgical unit include hernia repair, haemorrhoidectomy varicose vein ligation, tissue biopsy and diagnostic laparoscopy.

Gynaecology: Gynaecology is the medical practice dealing with the health of the female reproductive system. Common treatments on the surgical unit include endocervical biopsies, hysteroscopy and tubal ligation.

Orthopaedic Surgery: Orthopaedic surgery or orthopaedics is  the branch of surgery concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system. Common treatments on the surgical unit include carpal tunnel release of the wrist, dupuytrens contracture of fingers and arthroscopy of the knee.

Dental

Dental Surgery: For many children visiting the dentist is difficult, but for some needing significant treatment, giving the patient a general anaesthetic is the only way for the Dental Surgeon to complete the treatment required. Common dental treatments on the surgical unit include fillings and extractions.

OphthalmologyOphthalmology is the branch of medicine that deals with the anatomy, physiology and diseases of the eye. The most common treatment carried out on the surgical unit is the removal of cataracts which are a clouding that develops in the eye, obstructing the passage of light and affecting vision. High frequency sound waves (phacoemulsification) are used to break up the lens before extraction. Other treatments carried out on the surgical unit include introcular lens implantation and entropian, ectropian and strabismus repair.

Ear Nose and Throat (ENT) Surgery: Glue ear primarily affects young children and occurs when fluid is present in the middle ear. This can lead to some hearing loss which may be sufficient to delay speech and language development. Treatment may involve a prolonged course of antibiotics, but may require the surgical insertion of grommets. Common ENT treatements on the surgical unit include myringotomy, with or without grommet insertion, nasal cautery and septoplasty.

Opthalmology

Plastic Surgery: Plastic surgery is concerned with the correction or restoration of form and function. Plastic surgery includes many types of reconstructive surgery, hand surgery, microsurgery, and the treatment of burns. Common treatments on the surgical unit include skin lesion excisions and repair.

Endoscopy: Endoscopy allows a surgeon to look inside the gastrointestinal system using a flexible tube which includes a light source and a lens system which transmits the image through a fibre optic cable to a screen. Small polyps can be removed and sent to pathology to determine if they are precancerous or not. Common procedures on the surgical unit include colonoscopy, gastroscopy and cystoscopy.


Urology: Urology is the medical and surgical specialty that focuses on the urinary tracts of males and females, and on the reproductive system of males. Treatments on the surgical unit include a full range of endoscopic urinary tract procedures including cystoscopy and urethroscopy and scrotal surgety.